10 years after NASA launched its Juno mission to Jupiter, these are its most stunning images of the gas giant

An illustration of NASA's Juno spacecraft soaring above the clouds of Jupiter. NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS / Kevin Gill
NASA's Juno spacecraft orbits Jupiter and has been taking breathtaking photos of the gas giant since 2016.
Juno has flown past Jupiter's polar cyclones, anticyclones, northern lights, the Great Red Spot and giant moons.
Citizen Scientists edit the raw images of Juno to highlight storms and clouds in stunning colors. These images show the turbulent bands of the planet's atmosphere, from the equator to each pole.
The mission also collected data showing how Jupiter evolved over time. This story is critical to understanding the gas giants orbiting other stars.
Juno's data has revealed how Jupiter's X-ray Aurors work, the depth of its Great Red Spot, and the immense power of its magnetic field.
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NASA's Juno mission orbits Jupiter and has been taking stunning photos for more than five years.
Jupiter, photographed by the Juno spacecraft, September 2017. NASA / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Seán Doran
The spacecraft launched more than 10 years ago on August 5, 2011. As it raced towards Jupiter, it took a farewell photo of Earth and proved that its cameras were ready for space.
The JunoCam on the Juno spacecraft captured this image of the earth as it sped by on October 9, 2011 to receive a gravitational thrust towards Jupiter. NASA / JPL-Caltech / Malin Space Science Systems
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Juno finally reached the giant, gaseous planet in 2016. It fell into Jupiter's orbit in July.
Juno took this photo of a "Jupiter Rise" during one of its first flyby in 2016. Enhanced image by Alex Mai (CC-BY) based on images courtesy of NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS
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Since launch, the probe has traveled more than 1 billion miles and its JunoCam instrument has taken more than 19,800 photos.
Clouds swirl around each other on Jupiter. NASA / JPL / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Alexis Tranchandon / Solaris
Juno transfers the raw data to the earth as black and white photo layers that represent red, blue and green.
A raw image of Jupiter in blue, green, and red, taken on August 6, 2021. NASA / SwRI / MSSS
Citizen Scientists then merge the layers and process them into colorful portraits. They enhance the colors to highlight various bands of Jupiter's atmosphere, storms, and clouds.
Jupiter's reddish-orange north-north temperate belt with two gray anticyclones, May 23, 2018. NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS / Kevin M. Gill (CC-BY)
Juno's orbit takes it far from Jupiter and then swings it back to the planet for close flyby. During these flybys, the probe flew past Jupiter's north pole, where eight storms raged around a huge, earth-sized cyclone in the center.
A composite infrared image from the Juno spacecraft shows cyclones at the north pole of Jupiter, February 2, 2017. NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / ASI / INAF / JIRAM
The planet's south pole is no less impressive. Juno gave us the first close-up pictures ever taken of Jupiter's Poles.
A photo of Jupiter's South Pole as seen from NASA's Juno spacecraft. NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS / Betsy Asher Hall / Gervasio Robles
Viewed together, the series of photos that Juno takes on every flyby enables image processors - like Seán Doran, who created this composite - to show the spacecraft's journey.
Images of Juno's April 2018 flyby approaching Jupiter. NASA / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Seán Doran (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
The successive images show Juno flying from one pole to the other in a matter of hours, approaching Jupiter and then flying away.
Images of Juno's April 2018 flyby leaving Jupiter. NASA / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Seán Doran (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)
But Juno's Mission is not about beautiful pictures. It looks for clues about how Jupiter came into being and how it evolved over time.
NASA / JPL / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Justin Cowart (CC BY 3.0)
This story can help scientists learn about the beginnings of our solar system and provide clues about Jupiter-like gas giants orbiting other stars.
Jupiter's swirling clouds. NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstadt / Sean Doran
Juno measured Jupiter's magnetic field for the first time and found it to be much stronger than scientists expected. Jupiter's magnetic field is ten times stronger than the strongest field on earth.
A mass of swirling clouds on Jupiter. NASA / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstädt / Seán Doran
A year after their arrival, Juno sped past Jupiter's Great Red Spot, a raging storm near the planet's equator. This cyclone turned out to be 200 miles deep - that's 50 to 100 times as deep as Earth's oceans.
Scientists animated this 2017 Juno image of the Great Red Spot based on spacecraft velocity data and models of storm winds. NASA / JPL-Caltech / SwRI / MSSS / Gerald Eichstadt / Justin Cowart
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Cyclones rotate in the same direction as the planet, but anticyclones rotate in the opposite direction. Both can be found in different sizes all over Jupiter.
On April 1, 2018, a white high pressure area swirls on the surface of Jupiter. NASA / SwRI / MSSS / Kevin M. Gill (CC BY 2.0)
Juno also discovered the northern lights at the south pole of Jupiter - like northern lights on Earth, but a hundred times more powerful. In contrast to the northern lights of other planets, Jupiter emits powerful X-rays.
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