25 Different Types of Berries (and Why You Should Be Eating Each and Every One of Them)

Blueberries, strawberries, blackberries and raspberries are no stranger to you. But did you know that there are dozens of different types of berries in the world? If you stick to its botanical meaning - that a berry is a pit-free, fleshy fruit made from a single flower with an ovary - everything falls under that definition, from bananas to chili peppers to watermelons. So, with such a broad meaning, what actually is a berry? Colloquially, we use the word “berry” for nutritious, juicy, round, soft-fleshed fruits. They generally contain seeds as well as a ton of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals that can boost your memory, reduce inflammation, and much more. Here are 25 types of berries for baked goods, jams, smoothies, and more.
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1. Strawberry
Scientific name: Fragaria x ananassa
Taste: sweet, juicy, slightly sour
Health Benefits: Bring antioxidants, polyphenols, and anti-inflammatory benefits. Because of their abundant flavonoids (natural compounds found in plants that protect the body from everyday toxins), consuming strawberries regularly can help curb cognitive decline. You can also eat more than just the berries: Strawberry tips (also known as the leaves) have been shown to help with gastrointestinal discomfort and joint pain. Try pouring water or vinegar over strawberry leaves, tossing them into a smoothie, or placing them in boiling water to make tea.
Recipes: Overnight oats with chocolate and strawberries, cold soba noodle salad with strawberries, strawberry cake with a strawberry crust
2. blueberry
Scientific name: Cyanococcus
Taste: sweet, floral, sometimes sour
Health Benefits: Blueberries are loaded with heart-healthy potassium, folic acid, fiber, and vitamin C. Like strawberries, blueberries contain many memory-boosting antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies show that due to their high levels of flavonoid, they can also delay cognitive aging.
Recipes: blueberry-ginger smoothie, pan of blueberry-cornbread, grilled angel cake with blueberry sauce
3. raspberry
Scientific name: Rubus idaeus
Taste: sour-sweet
Health Benefits: As well as containing 8 grams of fiber per serving, raspberries are packed with various antioxidants and anti-inflammatory phytonutrients. Research shows that it can help better manage type 2 diabetes and obesity. Its leaves are also laden with healing properties that have been used for centuries to reduce pregnancy side effects, including nausea and vomiting. Red raspberry leaf tea is touted for strengthening the uterus, shortening labor, reducing complications, and preventing postpartum bleeding.
Recipes: sourdough with whipped cottage cheese and raspberry chia jam, raspberry soufflé, raspberry prosecco ice cream
4. Blackberry
Scientific name: Rubus
Taste: sour-sweet, sometimes sour
Health Benefits: One cup of blackberries contains roughly 2 grams of protein and an impressive 8 grams of fiber. Each serving also contains half of your daily recommended amount of vitamin C, as well as antioxidants and brain-boosting polyphenols.
Recipes: grilled blackberry-peach cheese, berry galette, inverted blackberry-plum cake
5. Cranberry
Scientific name: Vaccinium subgenus Oxycoccus
Taste: sour, bitter
Health Benefits: Cranberries are high in antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory properties. Regular consumption of raw cranberries is reported to be beneficial for urinary tract, digestive and immune system health. You may also be able to reduce your risk of cancer, ulcers, and degenerative diseases that are caused by cell damage.
Recipes: 5-ingredient red wine and cranberry sauce, baked brie with cranberries and pomegranate, balsamic cranberry fried chicken
6. Boysenberry
Scientific name: Rubus ursinus x Rubus idaeus
Taste: sweet, spicy, floral
Health Benefits: Boysenberries - a mix of raspberry, blackberry, blackberry, and loganberry - are full of fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Research shows that they can help lower blood pressure and prevent fat absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. Because boysenberries, like other berries, are high in antioxidants, they can help you maintain a healthy brain and protect you from cognitive aging, cell damage, and Alzheimer's.
Recipes: Boysenberry Jelly, Boysenberry Pie, Boysenberry Cheesecake
7. Cowberry
Scientific name: Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Taste: sour, slightly sweet
Health Benefits: Like most berries, cranberries are high in antioxidants, flavonoids, and anti-inflammatory agents. One serving contains a whopping 139 percent of your daily recommended manganese, a mineral that helps the body build connective tissue, bones, and hormones. Cranberries can also promote gut, eye, and heart health, promote healthy blood sugar levels, and help with weight management.
Recipes: Swedish meatballs with cranberry sauce, cranberry jam, fried herring with cranberries
8. Elderberry
Scientific name: Sambucus
Taste: sour-sweet, earthy, light
Health Benefits: Elderberries, which grow on the same tree as elderflower, are the most popular for their immune-boosting properties. Elderberry syrup, tea and dietary supplements are said to shorten colds and relieve the associated respiratory problems. They're loaded with antioxidants, vitamins A and C, and minerals like potassium, phosphorus, iron, and copper. No wonder they have been used as medicine for centuries.
Recipes: elderberry syrup, elderberry jam, elderberry and almond cake
9. bilberry / bilberry
Scientific name: Vaccinium
Taste: sour, bitter, sweet
Health Benefits: Blueberries are similar in appearance to blueberries, but they contain less sugar and therefore have a bitter taste. They're high in fiber, vitamins A, B, and C, antioxidants, and iron. Blueberries are also known for their ability to lower cholesterol and protect the body from heart disease, varicose veins, glaucoma, and muscle wasting.
Recipes: blueberry and fig bush, grilled salmon with blueberry relish, lemon and blueberry tea cake
10. Goji Berry / Wolfberry
Scientific name: Lycium barbarum
Taste: bittersweet when raw; sour-sweet and slightly bitter when dried
Health Benefits: Goji berries are native to Asia and have been used in traditional Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, and Japanese medicine for at least the third century. They are most commonly sold dried in the United States and used as organic foods because of their 19 amino acid content. Goji berries are also rich in iron, zinc, calcium, and antioxidants.
Recipes: Green Smoothie Bowl, Seeds and Goji Berry Granola, Roasted Butternut and Goji Berry Superfood Salad
11. Black mulberry
Scientific name: Morus nigra
Taste: sour-sweet, woody
Health Benefits: Similar to blackberries, black mulberries are great for cakes and jams and are especially popular in kitchens in the southern United States. They're loaded with antioxidants and polyphenols that can help you maintain good cholesterol and cardiovascular health, as well as prevent obesity. Mulberries can also improve blood sugar and lower your risk of cancer by reducing oxidative damage in your cells and tissues.
Recipes: Mulberry tart with cardamom and black pepper, coconut rice pudding with mint and mulberry compote, rustic mulberry and strawberry galette
12. Black currant
Scientific name: Ribes nigrum
Taste: sour and raw earthy; sweet when dried
Health Benefits: These are known to promote kidney function, eye health, and immunity. Black currants also contain more anthocyanins than red currants, a type of flavonoid that is said to help lower blood pressure, prevent diabetes, improve eyesight, reduce cancer cell growth, and more.
Recipes: stuffed baked brie with black currants and walnuts, simple jam with black currants, cakes with lemons and black currants
13. Gooseberry
Scientific name: Ribes uva-crispa
Taste: sour, sour, sweet
Health benefits: fiber, vitamins, antioxidants, oh my god! These berries are some of the most sour berries you can eat, but their anti-inflammatory phytonutrient content makes them worth the wrinkle. Gooseberries also contain a fixed amount of chlorogenic acid, which can help control your blood sugar levels, as well as copper, manganese, and potassium. Usually, the darker the gooseberry, the higher the anthocyanin content.
Recipes: Cape Gooseberry Pie with Mile-High Meringue, gooseberry jam, gooseberry-blueberry tart
14. Açai Berry
Scientific name: Euterpe oleracea
Taste: sweet, earthy, sour
Health Benefits: Thanks to its protein and fiber content, açai is the single most important factor in boosting energy and keeping you full. (You've probably tried a trendy açai bowl or smoothie, or even an açai powder.) It's also been linked to improving circulation and preventing blood clots as it supposedly acts as a type of natural blood thinner that helps the Blood vessels relaxed. The Brazilian superfruit is also loaded with antioxidants (three times as much as in blueberries, to be precise) and could help boost brain function and healthy cholesterol.
Recipes: Dark Chocolate Açai Smoothie Bowl, Açai Banana Sorbet, Chocolate Açai Ice Box Cake
15. Hardy Kiwi / Kiwi Berry / Siberian Gooseberry
Scientific name: Actinidia arguta
Taste: sour, sweet, aromatic
Health Benefits: These cuties taste like a kiwi with no fluff, just more complex and sour (although they are still a staple substitute for regular kiwi in most recipes) Like most of the berries on this list, kiwi berries are filled with vitamins, fiber, magnesium, potassium, and antioxidants. One serving contains 120 percent of your daily recommended vitamin C plus 2 grams of protein and 8 grams of fiber.
Recipes: kiwi berry raspberry salad, kiwi berry martini, kiwi berry yogurt parfait
16. Salmonberry
Scientific name: Rubus spectabilis
Taste: flowery, sweet
Health Benefits: Native to Alaska and Canada, salmon berry is very similar to a flushing or orange raspberry. Like most other berries, they have a fixed fiber content but are low in calories so you can stay full without weighing you down. They're also high in polyphenols, making them great for indigestion, cardiovascular health, and fighting diabetes.
Recipes: salmonberry cake, salmonberry cake, salmonberry jam
17. Saskatoon Berry / Juneberry
Scientific name: Amelanchier alnifolia
Taste: sweet, nutty, earthy
Health Benefits: They look very similar to blueberries, but they are softer and more reddish in color. Saskatoon berries are native to Alaska, western Canada, and parts of the United States. They're high in antioxidants and work wonders against inflammation and arthritis. Use them to boost your intake of magnesium, iron, potassium, calcium, copper, and more.
Recipes: Saskatoon Berry Butter Tartlets, Saskatoon Berry Cream Cheese Crumb Cake, Saskatoon Crisp
18. Cloudberry
Scientific name: Rubus chamaemorus
Taste: flowery, sour, slightly sweet
Health Benefits: These pretty berries stand up to cold weather like a charm, whether they grow in Maine, Scandinavia, or even the Arctic Circle. Thanks to their abundance of antioxidants, cloudberries have been linked to strengthening bones, fighting anemia, and detoxifying the body. They're also high in protein compared to other berries, containing almost 3 grams per serving.
Recipes: cardamom cake with cloudberry cream, oranges with orange sorbet and cloudberry jam, cloudberry ice cream
19. Bearberry
Scientific name: Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Taste: dry and mild when raw; sweeter when cooking
Health Benefits: Although wild berries are naturally found in arctic and subarctic areas around the globe, they can be grown in the United States. Indigenous peoples have long used bearberry leaves in folk medicine as they are believed to relieve everything from headaches to kidney stones to back pain. They have also been used to treat bladder and urinary tract infections in the past.
Uses: Dry the leaves for tea, boil the berries into sauce or add them to baked goods such as muffins, cakes or scones.
20. Red mulberry
Scientific name: Morus rubra
Taste: sweet, slightly sour
Health Benefits: Much like black mulberries, which are similar to blackberries, red mulberries look like long raspberries. Their fiber content can help you maintain healthy cholesterol and digestive systems, while their high levels of iron and vitamin C can support skin health, reduce the risk of heart disease, and lower blood pressure. Mulberry leaf tea can also help lower blood sugar and reduce inflammation.
Recipes: Mulberry Pie, Mulberry Jam, Mulberry Pancakes
21. Caperberry
Scientific name: Capparis spinosa
Taste: spicy, herbal, hot
Health benefits: Capers are the pickled flower buds of the Mediterranean caper bush. If you let these buds grow instead of pickling them prematurely, they will mature into caper berries. Caperberries are rich in antioxidants, iron, calcium, and vitamins A, B2, and K. They were used both as medicine and as an aphrodisiac in ancient times.
Recipes: Baked Feta with Dill, Capers and Citrus Fruits, Roasted Beef, Grilled Pepper and Capers, Sea Bass with Capers, Green Olives and Meyer Lemon
22. Chokeberry
Scientific name: Aronia
Taste: dry, bitter, hot
Health Benefits: Chokeberries are some of the bitterest on the market thanks to their remarkable tannins. Just like a glass of tannic red wine, your mouth will feel dry. When cooked or baked, they are less bitter. Some studies show that chokeberry is one of the best for cardiovascular health, and its antioxidants help lower inflammation, blood pressure, and cholesterol.
Recipes: Aronia berry salad with pumpkin and Brussels sprouts, aronia açai sorbet, aronia blueberry pie
23. Chokecherry
Scientific name: Prunus virginiana
Taste: bitter, astringent, sour
Health Benefits: Not to be confused with Chokeberry. Chokecherries are packed with antioxidants and flavonoids for disease control, as well as quinic acid, which is touted for preventing urinary tract infections. Research shows that quinic acid is also linked to improved blood flow and blood vessel function. Native Americans used Chokecherry tea to treat illnesses such as colds, tuberculosis, and diarrhea, while the berries were eaten raw to aid digestion.
Recipes: Chokecherry Jelly, Chokecherry Coulis via La Luna
24. Red currant
Scientific name: Ribes rubrum
Taste: spicy, sour, slightly sweet
Health Benefits: Red currants are rich in antioxidants, flavonoids, and vitamin B, which protect body tissues and ward off diabetes and apoplexy. Like black currants, red currants support the immune and respiratory systems and are rich in fiber.
Recipes: red currant and mint jelly, red currant clafoutis, vanilla panna cotta with red currant and raspberry coulis
25. Dewberry
Scientific name: Rubus flagellaris
Taste: sour, slightly sweet, slightly bitter
Health Benefits: These wild black berries grow on long vines throughout the Pacific Northwest and taste similar to the blackberries you know and love, only more tart and bitter. They contain significant amounts of vitamins A and C, magnesium, zinc and copper. The potassium content in blackberries can also help lower blood pressure.
Recipes: Dewberry Jelly, Dewberry Cobbler, Dewberry-Lemon Scones
RELATED: 10 Types of Oranges for Juicing, Snacking, and everything in between

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