A Joe Biden presidency would repair most of the damage Trump has done to America's historic alliance with Europe

Business Insider
A combination picture shows US President Donald Trump and Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden during the first 2020 presidential campaign debate, held on September 29, 2020 on the Cleveland Clinic campus of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
With the prospect of Joe Biden winning growing, Business Insider is considering what impact his election would have on US-European relations.
Joe Biden has made it clear that if elected, he will seek to reverse much of Donald Trump's legacy by ceasing attacks on US allies and advocating for multilateral organizations.
How this affects certain policies is less clear, however.
However, experts say a Biden administration would continue to focus U.S. foreign policy on China, which means the next four years could be more similar to Trump's presidency than widely expected.
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Under Trump, relations between the United States and its long-standing European allies have hit an all-time low.
Trump's attacks on European leaders, his withdrawal from multilateral treaties and his broader "America First" policies have resulted in broken alliances and an incredibly low public perception of the country's leadership among most Europeans.
A poll this week found that a large majority of Europeans rated Trump's handling of the presidency as "awful". The same poll also found that a large majority would like its challenger Joe Biden to win in November.
In contrast, Biden has made it clear that he would try to reverse Donald Trump's foreign policy legacy if he wins the presidency in November.
The former Vice President has announced his intention to rejoin the Paris Climate Agreement while re-establishing ties with America's traditional partners, which have been badly damaged under the President's leadership.
"Internationally, Biden's presidency would be a conscious effort to discard Trump's legacy, in particular the attacks on US allies, the rhetorical stance, the neglect of the multilateral system, the withdrawal from the Paris Agreement and the Iran deal," said Dalibor Roháč. A US-European relations scholar and expert at the American Enterprise Institute told Business Insider.
With the prospect of a November victory for Biden growing in November, let's take a look at how a victory for the Democratic candidate could affect US-Europe relations.
Restoring America's Old Alliances
Trump signaled a dramatic shift in the rhetorical tone in the direction of the European Union by his predecessor Barack Obama, repeatedly threatening the bloc with tariff blocks and complaining that his position on trade was "worse than China".
"Europe treated us very badly," he said in February this year. "There has been a huge deficit in Europe for the past 10, 12 years. You have barriers that are incredible ... So we're going to start with that. You know that."
Relations have not improved since then and the transatlantic trade dispute continues to rumble. The World Trade Organization last week approved the EU's plan to impose tariffs on US exports of $ 4 billion for illegal government aid from Washington to Boeing, the aircraft manufacturer.
Biden's camp has made it clear that it would take concrete steps to end what Tony Blinken, Biden's senior foreign policy advisor, calls Trump's "artificial trade war" with the EU, while working to eradicate what he " Imbalances "called trade between partners.
"We have to end an artificial trade war that the Trump administration started ... that has poisoned economic relations, lost jobs and increased costs for consumers," Blinken said at an online event in September.
In truth, however, tensions between the US and Europe are receding before Trump. It only served to tighten it.
"To some extent, Trump was an expression of underlying trends in US foreign policy," AEI's Dalibor Roháč told Business Insider.
"Like Obama, the Trump administration didn't have much interest in Europe or its security. It didn't start in 2016, it is older than Trump."
Under Obama in particular, the US made a conscious decision to turn away from Europe and the Middle East and invest heavily in East Asian countries, many of which are close to China, which Beijing has always viewed as a US containment strategy.
It is arguably Washington’s ongoing efforts to contain China that will continue to dictate its foreign policy whether Trump or Biden are elected.
If this year's presidential contest proved anything, there is now broad bipartisan consensus on China in the US. Both Biden and Trump have been running attack ads on each other to prove their opponent is unable to deal with Beijing's growing economic power and its increasingly aggressive behavior towards competitors.
Both Democrats and Republicans see Beijing as a growing threat and a government that acts with impunity and harms its opponents in order to advance its own economic and social interests.
The key difference, however, is the way Biden would approach the China issue. For the most part, Trump has tried to solve the problem on his own, escalating an increasingly punitive trade war that resulted in each country imposing hundreds of billions of dollars on each other's goods.
Biden's campaign has stressed that he would seek to work with the European Union and other allies to counter the threat posed by China.
"This is the core of Vice President Biden's thinking: we are reaffirming our core alliances," Blinken said in September. "It means engaging the European Union instead of forcing countries to leave and treating them like an enemy."
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