Aztec dancers descend on Mexico City's Zocalo
Tenochtitlan is now the heart of the bustling megalopolis of Mexico City. Tenochtitlan was founded in 1325 and was famous for its ornate Aztec temples and advanced canal system.
The Spanish conqueror Hernan Cortes first arrived in Mexico in 1518 to explore the interior of the region for Spanish colonization. After the fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521, the residents of Tenochtitlan were reportedly forced to demolish their temples and palaces. The materials were later used to lay the foundation for what is now Mexico City.
Today the site is surrounded by Spanish colonial buildings such as Mexico City's main cathedral and the historic National Palace. But Tenochtitlan's foundations are still evident in Mexico City, with ongoing excavations in the center of the capital revealing more artifacts and insights into ancient Aztec culture.
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Spanish conquistador (1485-1547)
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