CDC issues alert for parents on outbreak of hepatitis among children. Here’s what to know

Parents are asked to watch their children for symptoms of hepatitis as cases of unexplained cases in children continue to occur in the United States.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a health alert Tuesday aimed at educating parents about symptoms.
“Hearing about serious liver disease in children can be worrying. If you have questions about your child's health, consult your child's doctor," the CDC wrote, adding that parents should be aware of the symptoms associated with liver inflammation, including fever. tiredness, nausea and jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin.
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Hepatitis means inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by heavy drinking, toxins, some medications, and medical conditions, and is often caused by a virus, according to the CDC.
Here are five things to know about the CDC's hepatitis and child alert and outbreak.
1. The recent outbreak of hepatitis in children is worldwide.
In April, researchers in the United States and Europe announced they were studying small clusters of cases occurring around the world.
As of this week, more than 340 probable cases of hepatitis in children have been reported in 20 countries, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
The US has at least 109 confirmed cases with five deaths in over 20 states and Puerto Rico, according to the CDC.
PHOTO: This map of the United States shows states with reported cases of childhood hepatitis. (ABC News)
2. The cause of the outbreak remains unknown.
The cause of the reported cases of hepatitis in children in the United States remains unknown, according to the CDC.
"We do not know and are investigating the role of other factors in this disease, such as exposure to toxins or other infections the children may have," the agency wrote in its latest health alert, adding that it was "not uncommon." for the cause of hepatitis cases in children remains unknown.
MORE: More and more children are developing hepatitis and researchers want to know why
Some of the children who had hepatitis also had adenovirus type 41, a type of virus that can cause serious stomach disorders in children, according to the CDC.
Adenoviruses are different types of viruses that, according to the CDC, can cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to acute bronchitis, pneumonia, conjunctivitis, and acute gastroenteritis, or stomach inflammation.
3. The hepatitis vaccine does not protect against this recent outbreak.
Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis worldwide, including hepatitis A, B and C, but they were ruled out in the recent outbreak.
The strain of hepatitis observed in this vaccine, according to Dr. ABC News chief correspondent Jennifer Ashton not covered by the hepatitis vaccine given to children.
"These cases of hepatitis are not among those [that are covered by the vaccine], so it's really a mystery to public health officials at this point," Ashton told Good Morning America on Wednesday.
4. The hepatitis outbreak does not appear to be related to COVID-19.
Health officials do not believe the current outbreak in pediatric cases is related to the novel coronavirus or the COVID-19 vaccine, according to Ashton.
"I just spoke this morning with the director of the CDC, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, spoken,” Ashton said. "She wanted me to emphasize that most of these cases have occurred in children between the ages of 2 and 5. These children, as we all know, are not eligible for the COVID vaccine, so this has nothing to do with the vaccine.”
The story goes on

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