Coronavirus latest news: Liverpool faces toughest lockdown in England as Boris Johnson sets out three-tier plan

Boris Johnson's speech to the nation in full
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The Prime Minister announced a new three-stage strategy for local lockdowns in a speech to the nation.
The three tier system puts different parts of England in different categories depending on the rate of infection, with areas at the highest level likely to face the toughest restrictions.
Professor Chris Whitty, the chief medical officer for England, who appeared in 10th place alongside the prime minister, said the decision to lock down the public was a balancing act between "two harms" - to society and the economy and the health of the nation .
"If we harm the economy, we are harming health in the long run, and if we are harming health, we are damaging the economy ... so getting it right is critical," he said.
The new three-tier system he presented to MPs in the House of Commons today includes:
Intermediate tier: The intermediate tier will cover most of the country and will consist of the current national measures - like the rule of six and venues closing at 10 p.m.
High Tier: This level reflects many of the current local restrictions. These areas prevent people from mixing with other households or supporting bubbles indoors. However, meetings of up to six people are permitted outdoors in public spaces and private gardens.
Very high level: Pubs and bars must close in areas where transmission rates are most worrying and "social mixing" indoors and in private gardens is at least prohibited. Groups of up to six people could still meet outside in public spaces, but additional restrictions will be imposed due to discussions with local executives.
As of Wednesday, local authorities in the Liverpool City area will be on high alert, which means pubs and bars, gyms and leisure centers, betting shops and casinos will be closed.
Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, England's assistant medical director, warned that coronavirus infections are now spreading to the elderly and moving south in the south of the country.
Follow the latest updates below.
7:08 pm
This is all of us ...
That's it from Telegraph HQ after a day of coronavirus news including the launch of a new three-tier system for determining local bans in England.
Use our interactive tool to see what level your region falls under.
For a full explanation of what the new system means, see our full statement here.
7:03 pm
The government's support "in line with Europe," says Sunak
Chancellor Rishi Sunak said it was wrong to claim that certain areas in Britain were treated differently from others.
"It is wrong to say that any given area was treated differently from any other. We value all jobs and livelihoods equally," he says.
"The programs we have put in place are national. Wherever you are, whatever your job, not just in regions in England but across the UK, you will be treated equally."
Mr Sunak said the level of government support was in line with other major European countries and described how the vacation program, which started for three months in March, has now lasted for eight months.
"Now we are deploying support that we consider sustainable and affordable over the long term," he adds.
7:00 p.m.
PM: Local and national measures best utensil to fight viruses
Telegraph Political Editor Gordon Rayner asked the Prime Minister what would happen if a vaccine for Covid-19 were not found.
Mr Johnson says, "It doesn't mean that there won't be any scientific and technological advances that will make a real difference. You are already seeing drugs change to improve ICU mortality rates."
He added that we were "making headway in combating this disease" and said he had "high hopes" of moving mass testing further.
"But right now this is the best tool to fight the virus together - strong local and national action together," he adds.
Prof. Whitty adds that humankind's track record in fighting infectious diseases has been "remarkable".
"This doesn't depend on a vaccine; science will support us from many different directions," he says.
6:49 pm
Prof Whitty: To get this right, two damages have to be balanced.
Prof. Whitty says his experience with the British is that they don't get "scared" and the public wants people to give them "clear messages" and "know the worst".
He adds that "none of us have any illusions about it ... the idea that we can do this without causing harm is an illusion".
He says it is a balancing act of "two harms", one to society and the economy and one to the health of the nation.
"If we damage the economy, we damage health in the long run, and if we damage health, we damage the economy ... so getting it right is critical," he says.
6:44 pm
Protection groups should take "greater precautions"
Regarding people screening measures, Prof. Whitty says people who were previously in the screening group are at "greater risk" and would advise them to take "greater precautions".
However, he adds that this group has come under more pressure because of the isolation, which the government is aware of.
6:42 pm
Tier 3 measures alone are not enough to remove cases, says Whitty
Prof. Chris Whitty says that the "absolute basis" of the measures contained in Tier 3 would "absolutely not suffice" to lower the rates, which is why the stage flexibly allows additional measures.
"But there are a lot more additional things that can be done on site without these instructions," he says.
"These only work if people are interested in them," he adds. "Everyone has to buy into it."
6:37 pm
PM "hopes" national lockdown is not needed
Boris Johnson
Mr Johnson says he "really hopes" the country doesn't have to return to a national lockdown with the newly introduced package of measures.
"Don't forget that the R shut down before we were completely banned in March as people had already started following instructions to restrict contact and transfer as necessary," he adds.
He says they could "go back to national lockdown" but it would "do a lot of immediate damage".
6:32 pm
Can we see our families for Christmas?
Prime Minister Boris Johnson says whether a relatively normal Christmas celebration is possible depends on the public complying with its coronavirus rules.
"We will do our best to make sure that life is as normal as possible again this Christmas," he says.
"But unfortunately that will depend on our success in fighting this virus and our ability as a country to implement the package of measures."
Mr Johnson listed advice and rules about social distancing and testing.
"All of these basic things are important if we are to get out of this and allow people to have something like a normal Christmas," he added.
6:32 pm
Chancellor Sunak "sympathizes" with the difficult event sector
When asked which measures are being taken to support the event sector, according to the Chancellor, "there are some sectors that can no longer act as they normally would".
For these sectors, the government has put in place the Job Support Scheme so that companies can benefit from wage support, he says.
"I think, in a broader sense, there are certain companies that have been announced closing. If you are in this category, you can benefit from the additional support from the JSS," he adds.
He says he is "very personable" with companies in the events sector.
6:28 pm
Infection rates lead to recordings, says Whitty
The last slide shows that when you see an increase in people over 60 who test positive, then it leads to people going to the hospital, says Prof. Whitty.
Prices and admissions
However, Prof. Whitty praises the efforts of the British people that if the measures already taken were not followed these rates would be "much higher".
6:26 pm
Hope infections that are not reflected in approvals are wiped out
Prof. Whitty says there was "hope" that the surge in infections would not lead to hospitalizations.
But now there is an increase in every age group, "especially in the age groups over 65, 75 and 85".
Increase in hospital admissions by age
Patient in hospital
6:24 pm
How the virus spreads from young to old
This next slide shows how rates have increased between different age groups.
"The first rapid increase is seen in younger people, but then you see an increase in every age group," says Prof. Whitty.
He says the same pattern as shown below can be seen in the rest of the country, but at a much slower rate.
Age distribution
6:22 pm
Prof Whitty: Cases that are "steadily" increasing in the north
Prof. Whitty now shows how the infection rates in the northeast, northwest, parts of Yorkshire and the Humber have "steadily" increased.
But the other charts below show that rates in other regions of the country have not increased as quickly.
Northern rates
6:19 pm
Prof. Chris Whitty: "Clear Evidence" Covid is widespread across the country
Professor Chris Whitty, the Chief Medical Officer of England, now explains how Covid-19 is spreading across the UK.
"There is already strong evidence of spread across the country, but at this point they are heavily focused on the areas of intervention," he says.
regional distribution
The geographic distribution in people over 60 is "really important," he adds, since the rate in people over 60 is a "good predictor in a bad way" of the rate of people going to hospital.
Age distribution
6:14 pm
The Winter Economy Plan gives "security," says Sunak
According to Sunak, the winter economic plan will give people and businesses "flexibility and security" over the coming months, whether they are open or need to close.
6:13 pm
Chancellor presents economic support plan
Chancellor Rishi Sunak now sets out the government's three-part plan to protect jobs and companies in winter.
The job support program will protect jobs regardless of whether your company is open or closed, Sunak says.
"When your business is safe to open, but when demand is reduced or uncertain, the government subsidizes people's wages directly over the winter," he adds.
The new Job Support Scheme means that when companies are forced to close and people are unable to work at all for a week or more, employers pay two-thirds of the salaries and get reimbursed up to £ 2,100 per month.
The government will also allow people and businesses to postpone VAT and self-assessed income tax payments.
Mr Sunak says this plan will "protect the jobs and livelihoods of the British people".
6:09 pm
PM: "The British have made a decision to defeat this virus."
Mr Johnson says, "Nobody wants to impose these kinds of restrictions, erosions of our personal freedom."
But he adds that he is "certain that the British people have the determination to defeat this virus".
6:07 pm
Three-tier system of "simplification" and "standardization," says PM
Mr Johnson says they are "simplifying, standardizing and, in some places, tightening" local rules by introducing three levels of alert - medium, high and very high.
"Areas within the Very High Alert category are reviewed every four weeks and no area is closed indefinitely," says Johnson.
In areas of very high alert, people are asked not to travel in and out of the area, shuffling of households is prohibited, and "pubs and bars must close unless they can only be used as restaurants, the alcohol is only served as part of the main meal. " .
Use our zip code tool to check what level your region is on - here.
6:03 pm
PM address: "We must act now"
The Prime Minister will be accompanied that evening by Chancellor Rishi Sunak and Scientific Director Chris Whitty.
Boris Johnson begins by declaring that we are entering a "new and decisive" era in the fight against Covid-19.
He says there are more patients in the hospital today than when the UK was locked on March 23.
"We have to act now," he says.
5:56 pm
Navarra takes over from Madrid with Spain's highest Covid levels
Spain has reported nearly 28,000 new coronavirus cases since Friday, bringing the cumulative total to 888,968, according to data from the Ministry of Health on Monday, reports James Badcock from Madrid.
The death toll from the virus rose 195 from Friday to a total of 33,124. Spain won't report its coronavirus data over the weekend.
It is because Navarre announced new restrictions on social gatherings after a sharp surge in cases last week caused the northern Spanish region to outperform Madrid in new infections per capita.
María Chivite, President of Navarre, said Monday morning that the 546 new cases in the region in the past 24 hours were the highest during the Covid-19 pandemic, but she added that her government was confident of what action it was taking Put in place Monday was enough.
Social groups are limited to six people. All indoor recreational facilities - with the exception of nightclubs, which are closed - must limit capacity to 30 percent and close until 10 p.m., while stores must reduce customer capacity to 40 percent.
Ms. Chivite said the restrictions were "stricter" than in Madrid, the region where a state of emergency was imposed last week in a monumental political battle between local authorities and the national government to prevent non-essential movements in and out of the capital and others Prohibit areas.
5:52 pm
West Midlands Mayor calls for new restrictions to be reviewed
Andy Street, the Conservative Mayor of the West Midlands, called for a review of the government's decision to impose new Covid-19 restrictions on parts of the region.
Mr. Street said he was "very disappointed". Tier 2 restrictions apply to Birmingham, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall and Wolverhampton.
Under the new categories, the remaining areas of the West Midlands, Dudley and Coventry, will be placed in Tier 1 with no new additional restrictions.
In a statement posted on social media, Street said: "The main change between our current restrictions and the new restrictions announced today is the ban on mixing households in restaurants.
"This is something that recent local epidemiology does not support and I am disappointed that the government is pushing this forward despite the shared view of local leaders.
"The main problem in the West Midlands remains household broadcasting and tighter hospitality policies will not solve that.
"I urge the government to review this decision as soon as possible."

5:43 pm
France reports a slight decrease in the steep rise in falls
The French health authorities have reported 8,505 new Covid-19 infections in the last 24 hours, a significant decrease from Saturday's record of 26,896 and Sunday's 16,101.
The number on Monday tends to decrease as fewer tests are done on Sundays. The 7-day moving average of new infections, in which the weekly data for reporting irregularities is averaged, was for the first time since the outbreak, at 17,029, above the value of 17,000.
The number of people in France who have died of Covid-19 infections rose by 95 to 32,825 from 46 on Sunday. The accumulated number of cases is now 743,479.
5:32 pm
"Breakers" can be needed within weeks, says Sage scientists
Professor Calum Semple, a member of the Scientific Advisory Group on Emergencies (SAGE), warned that the new restrictions had come too late and a "breaker" could be required within weeks.
When asked if the response announced for London is sufficient to deal with the threat, the Liverpool University scientist told BBC Radio 4's Prime Minister: "I'm getting difficult and I say no, I think we're a little late to respond. "
He said there is a three to four week delay before interventions see benefits in hospitals.
"Myself and other people who spoke out in favor of fairly strict strict local interventions three to four weeks ago now fear that we are now in a different location," he said.
"And that in a few weeks we may need a much more solid intervention, the so-called circuit breaker.
"The outbreak is a bit like a supertanker, you brake, but it takes a long time to see the effect."
5:17 pm
What does the new system mean for you?
Prime Minister Boris Johnson has announced that a new three-tier system with increasingly stringent restrictions will now govern local lockdowns in England in order to simplify the patchwork of rules that apply across the country.
The map below shows which areas are currently below each level.
If you want to know what level your region falls under, read our interactive zip code tool by Alex Clark, Dominic Gilbert, Oliver Edgington and Bruno Riddy.
5:09 pm
Expert reaction: "Remarkable silence" on measures for vulnerable people
Professor Jackie Cassell, Assistant Dean of Brighton and Sussex Medical School at the University of Brighton, responded to the new system of local barriers:
“A simpler system is to be welcomed. Hospital admissions have reached alarming levels in several parts of the country and the new measures should help reduce preventable admissions and deaths in what may be a short window of time before vaccination is available to the most vulnerable.
"However, there has been a notable silence on age-related recommendations and guidelines about what the alert levels should mean for people at extreme clinical risk."
"This is an interesting omission on a controversial topic. Death and serious illness are so closely related to age and underlying disease that I do not think the stages are fully specified without new guidance for these groups."

4:52 pm
PM answered 200 questions about the new system
Prime Minister Boris Johnson Announces New Lockdown Tier System - FACUNDO ARRIZABALAGA / EPA-EFE / Shutterstock
That concludes the Prime Minister's address to the Commons this afternoon.
He answered around 200 questions from MPs, said the spokesman.
At 7 p.m., Boris Johnson will address the nation to introduce the new three-tier system. Follow our live blog for the latest information.
4:50 pm
Technical error: Student cases are registered at wrong addresses
According to Murina Wilson MP, the "latest technical bug" in Test and Trace means that "many positive cases from students have been automatically assigned to their home address instead of their university address".
This has affected around a quarter of new cases in her Richmond Upon Thames constituency, she added, and has been replicated in other areas.
The Prime Minister says the government is aware of this "phenomenon" in the data where the positive case appears in the registered family doctor address of the students rather than their student address.
"We obviously strive for it," he adds.
4:43 pm
London could move up a notch this week, warns the mayor
Sadiq Khan, the Mayor of London, has warned the capital could move into a higher level of coronavirus restrictions "possibly even this week".
The city will be "medium" at first on the new scale but a spokesman for Mr Khan said: "The Mayor met with London leaders today to examine the latest data on the spread of the virus in the city and the new nationals the government to discuss alarm system.
"The virus is now spreading very quickly in every corner of London. The number of cases is growing rapidly and all the indicators we are looking at are moving in the wrong direction.
"To date, London is on the government's new alert levels on 'medium'. However, Londoners should understand that this could change very quickly - possibly even this week."
4:34 pm
The economic impact of the lockdown in Liverpool will be "massive".
The economic impact of a Tier 3 lockdown in the Liverpool City area will be massive, said Tube Mayor Steve Rotheram.
Speaking to BBC News, Rotheram said the government should provide the region with the same support it offered during the March national lockdown.
He said, "The problem is that the Chancellor (Rishi Sunak) did the right thing in March when there was a national lockdown and had support packages that reflected the severity of those lockdowns. Tier 3 is probably similar to what all happened the way back in March.
"There are comparable lockout issues in each of those two dates. We're nowhere near the national lockdown restrictions on a financial package all those months ago, and if it was right then, it has to be now.
"And that is exactly what we are conducting in detailed negotiations with the government to clarify this."
In pictures: Liverpool are in the "very high" class
People at the Richmond pub in Liverpool watch a statement from Prime Minister Boris Johnson - Peter Byrne / PA Wire
A man wearing a face mask walks past the John Lennon statue while coronavirus disease (COVID-19) breaks out in Liverpool - REUTERS / Phil Noble
A woman with a face mask walks on the street in Liverpool - REUTERS / Phil Noble
4:25 pm
PM: The R rate must drop below 1 for the Liverpool restrictions to be lifted
The Prime Minister says the R-Rate must drop below 1 for the new restrictions in Liverpool to be lifted.
But what is the R-rate and is it a reliable measure of infection?
For more information, see the following analysis from Sarah Knapton, Science Editor of TheTelegraph.
The R-Rate: is it reliable and how does it compare across regions in the UK?
4:22 pm
Why was Nottinghamshire classified in the "High Tier"?
Nottinghamshire has been classified as "High Tier" under the new three tier system of government.
Nottingham's weekly rate of new Covid-19 cases has continued to rise, the latest data shows.
In the seven days leading up to October 9, a total of 2,777 new cases were recorded in Nottingham - that's 834.2 cases per 100,000 people.
It's a big jump from 1,417 new cases in the last seven days (the week ending October 2), or 425.7 per 100,000 people.
Nottingham remains well ahead of the second highest rate area in England, Knowsley, which now stands at 656.9 cases per 100,000.
All figures are based on data from Public Health England released Monday afternoon.
4:15 p.m.
Preparing the nightingale hospitals "sobering," says Hancock
Health Secretary Matt Hancock made a statement on the Coronavirus in the Chamber of the House of Commons on October 5 - JESSICA TAYLOR / PARLIAMENT UK / HANDOUT / EPA-EFE / Shutterstock
Health Secretary Matt Hancock has described the decision to mobilize some nightingale hospitals as "sobering but necessary".
"We have got NHS Nightingale hospitals in Harrogate, Manchester and Sunderland ready. Let's get Covid under control and save lives," he tweeted.
4:08 pm
WATCH: Boris Johnson explains new three-tier system
4:01 pm
Yvette Cooper asks PM to come back from the moon while testing
Labor MP Yvette Cooper - REUTERS / Andrew Boyers
Labor's Yvette Cooper urged the Prime Minister to "return from the moon and return to events on planet Earth" when she raised concerns about the tests.
She said: "A month ago the Prime Minister outlined his Moonshot plan of having millions of tests run and returned every day, and he said if it all comes together it might even be possible for sectors like theater to have lots of life . " closer to normal before Christmas.

"Families now feel that a normal Christmas holiday will be further away (than ever), and local health officials in our area have said people wait six days, not a day, to get their test results.

"If we get back from the moon and go back to what is happening on planet earth, when will it have enough testing capacity for my constituents to get their results in 24 hours?"

Boris Johnson responded, "The daily testing process has only increased 34 percent in the last month and daily capacity has increased 28 percent. As she knows, NHS Test and Trace are confident they will do so by the end of this month." If they are doing 500,000 tests a day, they have what I should say for 500,000 tests a day. "
3:56 pm
Shadow health minister "skeptical" about new measures
Labor MP and Shadow Health Secretary Jonathan Ashworth, whose constituency of Leicester South is ranked "high" level of restrictions along with the region, said he supported the restrictions but was "skeptical" that they will reduce infection.
"If keeping kids in school and making sure the NHS isn't overwhelmed is our priority, there is no choice but to take this course so I can support restrictions," he tweeted.

"But they have to be secured by an appropriate financial package.

"As hospital admissions, including critical care, increase, will today's announcements be enough? It is clear that the spread of viruses is increasing and more action may be needed.

"Lockdowns are blunt tools, but buy time. We should use that time to expand testing and fix the trace."

3:48 pm
So far we know the following about the new alert levels:
1. Medium: The "rule of six", which prevents most gatherings of more than six people indoors or outdoors, the curfew for pubs and restaurants at 10 p.m. and other existing national measures continue to apply.
The Prime Minister said this would cover most of the nation for now.
2. High: Any mixing between households and support bladders is prohibited indoors.
However, meetings of up to six people are permitted outdoors in public spaces and private gardens.
The Prime Minister said "most of the areas" already subject to local restrictions will be at this level, but so will Nottinghamshire, east and west Cheshire and a "small area" of High Peak due to rising infection rates.
3. Very high: pubs and bars must close and "social mixing" indoors and in private gardens is at least prohibited.
Groups of up to six people can still meet outside in public spaces.
However, additional restrictions are imposed based on discussions with local executives, including those that could cover the hospitality, leisure, entertainment and personal care sectors.
Schools, shops and universities will remain open.
The Liverpool City Region will move into this level and close its gyms, leisure centers, betting shops and casinos by agreement with Mayor Steve Rotheram.
3:42 pm
The University of Nottingham is responding to new lockdown restrictions

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he says.

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