Debate on racism renews calls for Redskins to change name
The recent national debate on racism has again called for the Washington Redskins of the NFL to change their name. Native Americans believe that the climate is suitable for action, although no evidence holder Dan Snyder thinks about it.
The other 31 owners and the league office itself could use pressure to force Snyder's hand. A Redskins spokesman said the team had no comment, while the NFL didn't immediately answer questions about the future of the name.
"(It) could be easier if the NFL as an institution or company prescribes the change because it will relieve the Washington team itself and Dan Snyder," said the University of California, Berkeley, assistant professor of psychology Arianne Eason on Wednesday.
Mayor Muriel Bowser, Washington, D.C. called the name last week "an obstacle" for the team, which is building a new stadium and headquarters in the district that would likely be on land leased by the federal government. The location of the team's former home, the RFK Stadium, is an option, along with locations in Maryland and Virginia, when the current lease for FedEx Field in Landover, Maryland expires in 2027.
"I think it's time for the team to deal with what offends so many people," Bowser told Team 980 Radio. "This is a great franchise with a great story loved in Washington, and it deserves a name that reflects the affection we built for the team."
Snyder has been in the team since 1999 and showed no evidence that he would make a change, like Washington's NBA franchise did in 1995, from the Bullets to Wizards. When a 2016 Washington Post survey found that nine out of ten Native Americans are not offended by the name, Snyder believes the team, fans, and community believe this is "honor, respect, and pride".
A UC Berkeley peer review study jointly written by Eason and Stephanie Fryberg, professor of psychology for social transformation at the University of Michigan, published earlier this year showed that 49% of the 1,000 Native Americans surveyed agreed or strongly agreed that the name was offensive. This number rises to 67% among those who identify strongly as natives.
"How do you question the use of the" N-word "?" Said Ray Halbritter, representative of the Oneida Indian Nation, leader of the "Change the Mascot" campaign. "Are you actually going to vote on whether that's okay or not? If you humiliate and disrespect someone, you shouldn't do it even though it's just a few people."
Protests have broken out worldwide since George Floyd's death in Minnesota. Much of the talk was about systematic racism and police brutality against blacks in the United States.
"We are currently facing equity problems in this country," said Fryberg. "At some point, the NFL as an organization must make a decision as to whether teams like the Kansas City Chiefs and the Washington football team can continue to systematically discriminate against indigenous people."
Redskins, who ran back to Adrian Peterson, said he would follow what Colin Kaepernick had started a few years ago by kneeling during the national anthem to protest these problems. Quarterback Dwayne Haskins participated in marches and coach Ron Rivera said he supports players with their First Amendment rights.
Rivera said last week that he had launched an organizational town hall program for players and staff to discuss racism, and Snyder had donated $ 250,000 to begin with. Rivera, who is of Mexican and Puerto Rican descent and is the only Hispanic head coach in the NFL, has not been asked by reporters since his hiring in January.
Crystal Echo Hawk, founder and CEO of the Native American-run nonprofit organization IllumiNative, doesn't want the Native Americans to be excluded from the talks about racism and hopes that the players will join in.
"It is truly an opportunity to teach players of all backgrounds that in this powerful moment, when they are doing the right thing and are committed to racial justice, they have to take a stand on this particular issue within the NFL as well." She said. "There must be no tolerance for racism."
Initiatives such as Change the Mascot and IllumiNative, in addition to the Redskins, are also protesting against other team names, mascots and Native American traditions. Echo Hawk believes that the Tomahawk Chop, used by Atlanta Braves and other Major League Baseball teams, and Native American images should come from professional sports, although they and semi-knights particularly offend Redskins and define it as a "dictionary." Racial vertigo ”.
After the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office canceled the Redskins' brand in 2011 and said it offended Indians, the team won a legal victory in 2017 when the Supreme Court unanimously ruled in favor of an Asian-American rock band that was a 71-year-old The old law, which excludes derogatory conditions, violates the freedom of speech guaranteed in the constitution.
It is unclear whether recent events have changed the minds of Snyder, NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell, or other owners. This week, Quaker Foods announced that its 131-year-old aunt Jemima is retiring, and Uncle Ben's rice brand owner said the brand will "evolve" in response to racial stereotype concerns while Land O'Lakes in April the picture of an Indian woman was removed from the packaging.
PepsiCo, which Quaker Foods owns, has been working with the team since shortly after the Supreme Court's brand judgment in 2017. A Pepsi manager at the time said that the name was “a team and league decision” in our view.
"We're looking at other big brands and I think it's just a matter of time," said Echo Hawk, adding that in the long term, it is more profitable for institutions to "do the right thing" and set a new brand.
She said there was no leap from protesters' concerns about police brutality to the name, and cited a recent study that showed that, considering the size of their population, Indians are more likely to be killed by police than any other group, given the size of their population . Fryberg and Eason pointed out that science shows that the existence of these names and mascots increases depression and suicide among Native Americans.
"Ultimately, we should really highlight the fact that there are these negative effects," said Eason.
Semigitter hopes that this movement will be enough to change it.
"Given the events in this country, more and more people are realizing what dehumanizing other people means because of their race and their impact on people," he said. "It is unfortunate that such a tragic event - tragic events - was necessary to arrive at this realization."
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