Estheticians Cringe Every Time You Use This Product Before Going in the Sun

Skin health experts want you to enjoy the sun - you don't have to hide under an umbrella all summer to get good skin - but it is crucial that you are adequately protected from damage. "The sun makes us happy and provides vital vitamin D," says Danielle Gronich, cell biologist, licensed beautician and co-founder of CLEARstem. We all have a vague awareness that wearing sunscreen every day is a good idea, but there are so many other precautions that beauticians recommend us to make sure we don't damage our skin, even accidentally.
"When you are in the sun and in direct sunlight, it is important to understand that your skin is in a vulnerable state, so the main focus is to give it the protection it needs for self-defense," said Renée Rouleau , prominent beautician and founder of her product line of the same name. Translation: We have to make sure that we don't use products that make our skin vulnerable. "Instead, use things that offend the skin," says Rouleau.
So which products should we never use before going out into the sun and which should we always use instead? Keep scrolling for the ultimate beautician's guide to skin care from the sun: four products you should definitely avoid before catching a few rays, plus four to use in their place.
DO NOT USE: Retinol
Pretty much every skin expert we've consulted for this story named Retin-A and other retinols as the main ingredient to avoid before exposure to the sun. They are incredibly effective ingredients to fight wrinkles and acne - but should only be used at night. "These chemical peels are extremely drying and likely to irritate. They also work at a speed that is difficult to control (compared to a peeling that stops when you finish scrubbing)," Gronich explains. This drying process removed the skin's natural barrier against protective oils and it was defenseless against the relentless sun rays. "This means that UV exposure is increased and the potential for DNA damage is greatly increased," says Grorich. So let your retinol be used for the evening.
USE: Physical sun protection factor 30+
Yes, yes, sunscreen; You heard that a million times. Here are the top tips for sunscreen: Use a physical sunscreen (also known as one whose main ingredient is zinc or titanium dioxide) and choose one with a sun protection factor of 30 or higher.
In contrast to chemical sunscreens, physical sunscreens provide a protective shield that reflects the sun's rays and prevents the penetration of UV rays. Studies show that traditional white zinc oxide (unlike zinc nanoparticles) continues to be the absolutely safest and most effective sunscreen ingredient that protects against UVA and UVB rays, says Elina Fedotova, prominent beautician, cosmetic chemist, and founder of Elina Organics. They do not penetrate the skin as well as chemicals or nano, but in the end they are simply better all round. Not to mention that zinc oxide is anti-inflammatory and can soothe and protect irritated skin.
You should also choose a sun protection factor of level 30 or higher - although the sun protection factor 30 is as protective as possible. "SPF 30 has a protection rate of 97%," explains the famous beautician Danné Montague-King, founder of DMK skin care. "If you increase the number (e.g. 50 to 60), you get a little more: 98% protection."
Cerave 100% mineral sunscreen SPF 30 ($ 15)
Supergoop! Invincible setting powder SPF 45 ($ 30)
Supergoop light stick SPF 50 ($ 25)
DO NOT USE: Citrus oils
They may smell good and make you feel awake, but don't put them on your skin before going outside during the day. Why? Citrus fruits contain compounds that protect against pathogens. However, when applied to human skin and exposed to sunlight, these compounds trigger a phototoxic reaction that can cause redness, pigmentation, and even burns, explains Jordan LaFragola, prominent beautician and founder of Flora Mirabilis face oil. Therefore, be sure to avoid using citrus oils for at least 24 hours before going out in the sun (such as serums or moisturizers with grapefruit oil).
USE: Vitamin C serum
Renee Rouleau Vitamin C&E Treatment: ($ 68)
Be sure to apply a vitamin C serum under your sunscreen in the morning (let it rest for five minutes to absorb it). This provides a layer of antioxidant protection. "It's not necessary to get the highest percentage - 10% is more than enough for everyday use," added Gronich, who likes Obagi's moisturizing C serum. Jessica Alba and Lea Michelle's beautician Shani Darden love the iS Clinical Super Serum for vitamin C.
However, there are some limitations here: While some say that vitamin C increases sensitivity to light (which means that your skin is actually more prone to sun damage), this doesn't seem to be the case empirically. "However, people with sensitive skin sometimes find that use during the day can cause irritation [thanks] to the lower pH that is normally found in vitamin C products. If you are out in the sun, it can Exacerbate irritation, "said Alicia Yoon, founder and CEO of Peach & Lily and licensed beautician in New York and Korea.
Conclusion on vitamin C: Sensitive skin types may decide to use Citamin C serums at night. However, if you use it during the day, apply a moisturizer that contains ingredients that prevent water loss, such as SkinCeuticals' Emollience or Straight-Up Aquaphor. And of course sunscreen.
Obagi Professional-C Serum 20% ($ 127)
iS Clinical Super Serum Advance Plus ($ 148)
SkinCeuticals CE Ferulic ($ 166)
Versed found the light powder with vitamin C ($ 20)
DO NOT USE: peeling acids
These include acids such as lactic acid, glycolic acid, malic acid, mandellic acid, salicylic acid and azelaic acid. While these chemical peels are great for lightening, hydrating, treating acne, and unfolding the skin, you should only use them at night (before the moisturizer). This is because they eat at the surface cells and leave the fresh skin underneath very exposed and susceptible to UV damage.
USE: Gentle scrubs
Acure Brightening Facial Scrub ($ 10)
However, a morning scrub is perfectly fine as long as you use a gentle scrub. This keeps the skin soft and smooth without being super light sensitive all day long. Just make sure (that you are not too superfluous) that you apply a protective layer of moisturizer and sun protection factor.
Embryolisse cream exfoliant ($ 25)
Registration Information Fine Polish Face Beads ($ 21)
Dermalogica Daily Microfoliant ($ 59)
DO NOT USE: Antibacterial treatments
Like retinol, antibacterial agents like benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin are great for treating acne, but they dry very well. "They prevent the skin from defending itself naturally against UV rays, especially against sunny UVB rays," explains Gronich. "Using these products before exposure to the sun is very likely to cause hyperpigmentation (brown spots), which may take months to fade, especially on ethnic skin."
USE: All antioxidants
Vitamin C is not the only antioxidant that serves your skin well in the sun. "I love using products that contain antioxidants like niacinamide or matcha when you go out in the sun," says Yoon, "like the Peach & Lily Glass Skin Refining Serum and the Matcha Pudding Antioxidant Cream to give your skin a lightening boost to rent."
Eating antioxidant-rich foods in addition to their topical use also helps completely. "Consume tomato juice and green tea!" says Gronich. "These two foods naturally fight free radicals and are known to increase your body's natural sun protection factor." Colorful fruits and vegetables such as blackberries and spinach provide protection, as do eggplants, which stimulate your immune system to fight the side effects of UV exposure from the inside, Fedotova adds.
Peach & Lily Matcha Pudding Antioxidant Cream ($ 40)
Clearestem Vitamin Infused Skin Cleanser ($ 44)
Avène A-Oxitive SOS Antioxidant Leaf Mask ($ 12)
SkinCeuticals Triple Lipid Restore ($ 128)
Next up: don't miss the 15 best natural sunscreens you've never heard of.
This post was originally published earlier and has been updated since then.
This article originally appeared on Who What Wear
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