Factbox-What happens if the U.S. government runs out of money on Monday?
(Reuters) - U.S. President Donald Trump's threat not to sign a Congressional-approved spending package worth $ 2.3 trillion has already suspended an emergency aid program for the unemployed and threatens a partial shutdown of the federal government at midnight Monday .
The bill provides for coronavirus relief of $ 892 billion and $ 1.4 trillion to keep government operations going throughout the fiscal year.
Without Trump's signature, Congress would have to pass an emergency funding bill it is willing to sign to keep federal agencies fully operational.
The Trump administration has not said what it will do if the government runs out of money, but past mistakes have resulted in tens of thousands of non-essential workers being given leave and others, including those concerned with public safety, being forced without working numbers.
Here's what would likely happen if the White House and Congress couldn't agree on a spending plan:
PANDEMIC ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE: Legislation would allow millions of struggling Americans to get $ 600 stimulus checks. Trump said in one of his main criticisms of the bill that the payouts were too small and called for the checks to be increased to $ 2,000.
Unemployment benefits, which have been paid out to about 14 million Americans through pandemic programs, expired on Saturday but could be resumed if Trump signs the bill. The bill would maintain the benefits through mid-March.
The spending package also extends a moratorium on evictions, which expires on December 31, refreshes small business payroll support, provides funding for school reopenings, and supports the transportation industry and vaccine distribution.
All aid programs are at risk unless an agreement can be reached.
VACCINE DISTRIBUTION: The federal government has already purchased 400 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine, or enough for 200 million people, from Moderna and Pfizer, but needs additional funding to buy more doses. She also signed contracts with other companies for vaccines that have not yet been approved. Private companies, including McKesson, UPS, and FedEx, are distributing the cans, but rely on staff from the Department of Defense and the Department of Health and Human Services for assistance.
States have received $ 340 million from the U.S. government to offset the costs they incurred in introducing the vaccine, but say they are facing a deficit of around $ 8 billion. A shutdown would stop Congress plans to redistribute funds to make up for this shortage.
HEALTHCARE: Past shutdowns have resulted in widespread vacations for workers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one of the agencies that led the response to the coronavirus pandemic. A CDC program to track influenza outbreaks was halted during a shutdown in 2013. In 2018, the government kept the program running during yet another standstill, saying that "immediate response to urgent disease outbreaks" would continue.
MILITARY: The Department of Defense continued to operate during the most recent shutdown, which spanned 35 days through late 2018 and early 2019. During this period, the United States could not send paychecks to service members and civilian employees. Active military personnel were seen as essential workers; Some civilian employees and contractors were on leave.
LAW ENFORCEMENT: The FBI and other law enforcement agencies continued to operate during previous shutdowns. The FBI Agents Association said after the last shutdown that funding gaps made it harder to prosecute cases, also because they couldn't pay informants. The federal courts remained largely open until the last closure as they had enough money to support them through the closure.
NATIONAL PARKS AND MONUMENTS: National parks and monuments remained largely open during the last closure, although some places, such as Independence Hall in Philadelphia, were closed. Other parks remained open with limited staff, leading to complaints of overcrowded trash, uncleaned bathrooms, and illegal camping sites as visitors fend for themselves.
FINANCIAL SURVEILLANCE: Market regulators were forced to take employees off during the last shutdown. The Securities and Exchange Commission had sufficient staff to monitor the markets and "respond to emergencies". It continued to accept corporate filings.
MAIL DELIVERY: Deliveries continued as usual during previous shutdowns as the U.S. Postal Service does not receive taxpayer money for ongoing operations.
TRAVEL: The Transportation Security Administration staff screening passengers continued to work during the last shutdown. So also air traffic controllers, whom the government regarded as essential employees.
The 2018-2019 shutdown ended when air traffic controller absences raised the prospect of many flights to and from New York being canceled and provoked a compromise between Trump and Congress.
(Reporting by Brad Heath, Jonnelle Marte and Carl O'Donnell; Editing by Scott Malone, Tim Ahmann and Daniel Wallis)
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