Galwan Valley: The fake news about India and China's border clash

The feelings are high during an anti-China protest in Delhi
After the fatal clash between Chinese and Indian forces in a controversial Himalayan border area earlier this week, misleading images and videos from social media users have been widely distributed.
We found examples of images and videos published online that are said to represent the latest conflict, but are actually completely independent.
1. A video that claims to show soldiers in combat
Screenshot of a three year old video
Our first example is a video on YouTube that shows the "real battle" between Indian and Chinese soldiers in the Galwan River Valley where the recent clash took place.
It has had more than 21,000 views and has also been widely used on Twitter, where some posts say the Indian army is "kicking out" Chinese forces.
However, the video is shot in daylight while the last clash in the Ladakh region took place at night.
We also found the same video that was released in both August 2017 and September 2019, both of which claimed to show previous skirmishes between Indian and Chinese troops.
The ice cold battlefield where India and China collided
The soldiers killed in the clash between India and China
2. Indian soldiers mourning victims do not seem to be that way
A video showing an emotional scene of Indian soldiers crying and hugging while others are carrying a body bag is circulating on social media.
Screenshot of the video labeled "Wrong place"
It was marked by some users in connection with the clash in the Galwan Valley this week.
However, the video is from an incident in the Kashmir region over a year ago when Indian forces suffered a number of casualties when confronted with armed militants.
It has nothing to do with the current incident between Indian and Chinese troops in a controversial border area.
3. An old dispute between military officers
A Twitter post showing a video of soldiers from China and India arguing had thousands of views.
Screenshot of the video labeled old
Chinese troops scold an Indian soldier and demand that he go.
The video was released on the TikTok Chinese-language website, has more than 33,000 likes, and was also shared by the spokesman for the Indian opposition party, the Indian National Congress.
However, the same video had also appeared on social media platforms in May, so it appeared before this week's collision. And a search shows that the video was uploaded to YouTube in January this year.
Apart from that, it is pretty clear from the terrain shown that the video is not from a mountain slope in Ladakh.
Although we cannot determine the exact location, a fact-checking website report suggests that it is from a border area in Arunachal Pradesh state that is at least 1,000 miles away.
4. A funeral for a fallen Indian soldier
Another popular video shows the funeral service for an Indian soldier, during which his fellow soldiers scream and sing.
Screenshot of a video labeled "Incident Incident"
The video - viewed approximately 40,000 times - relates to the clash in the Galwan Valley and praises Indian soldiers.
However, the video has nothing to do with the soldiers who died on June 16.
A reverse image search shows that a similar video was posted on YouTube in May.
When you listen to the video, you can only see the soldier's name. A keyword search on Google shows that the soldier in the video was killed in an accident in the Leh-Ladakh region in May.
The soldier was buried in his hometown in the state of Maharashtra, where he received the full state award.
5. Pictures of corpses and coffins are the wrong continent
A Chinese-language article on the recent violence between India and China contains images that are said to show the bodies of Indian soldiers from the clash.
Screenshot of a video labeled "Wrong Country"
The article has been read more than 100,000 times and a picture of it has also been used on a Pakistani news website called Baaghitv.
The same picture has also appeared on social media.
A simple reverse image search revealed that it actually comes from Nigeria. It shows the aftermath of an incident in 2015 when Nigerian soldiers were killed by militants from Boko Haram.
Another picture in the same article that shows several army coffins with wreaths is the same as a picture that was released on social media in February 2019 after a major attack on Indian forces in the Pulwama district of Indian-administered Kashmir.
Again, this has nothing to do with the current conflict.
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