Piece of Great Pyramid Found in Scotland May Unlock Major Mystery
When we think of Egypt we think of the Great Pyramid of Giza. The largest of the 455 foot high pyramids at Giza was built in the third millennium BC. Built by Pharaoh Khufu and has been a must see for tourists for 2,500 years. The popularity of this ancient tomb is only achieved by the confusion it creates in its viewers. For hundreds of years, scientists and archaeologists have speculated about the ancient technologies that were used to build such a large structure. Some have even speculated that it was built by aliens. But now an accidental discovery by a curatorial assistant at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland can help answer the question, "How did they build the pyramids?"
Towards the end of 2019, when curatorial assistant Abeer Eladany was reviewing objects in the museum's Asia Collection, she came across a small, unusually decorated cigar box. Eladany was herself Egyptian and immediately noticed the former flag of her country on the outside of the box and knew that it had no place in the Asia Collection. "After looking at the numbers in our Egyptian records," she said in a university press release, "I immediately knew what it was and that it was practically hidden in the wrong collection."
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In the box, Eladany found a five-inch piece of cedar that had broken into three pieces. This (formerly intact) inconspicuous piece of wood was one of only three items - provocatively known as "Dixon Relics" - that were removed from the Queen's chamber in the Great Pyramid in the 19th century. The other two (a ball and a hook) are housed in the British Museum. In the past 70 years, however, the wooden "relic" has been lost.
The Dixon relics were removed from the Queen's chamber by Waynman Dixon, an engineer who explored the Great Pyramid in 1872. Her "discovery" by Dixon was widely reported in British newspapers. At the time, it was evident that the items were of great importance: a December 1872 issue of The Graphic wrote that “the position in which [the relics] were left indicates that they must have been left there while the Work went on, and at an early stage of its construction. "The relics, the article optimistically speculates, could" provide evidence of the correctness of the many theories Sir Isaac Newton and others have put forward regarding the weights and measures of pyramid builders. "
Unfortunately, when the wood was donated to the University of Aberdeen by the family of a Dixon employee, it was never properly classified and disappeared in the archives. "The university's collections are huge," Eladany said, "and there are hundreds of thousands of items. So finding them was like finding a needle in a haystack." I couldn't believe it when I realized what was inside that harmless looking cigar shape. "
The carbon dating of the fragment, delayed due to restrictions imposed during the pandemic, shows that wood was found between 3341 and 3094 BC. Dated about 500 years earlier than the Great Pyramid itself. The early date rules out the possibility that the wood was left there by subsequent visitors to the tomb. If anything, said Neil Curtis, director of museums and specialty collections, "It's even older than we imagined." This could be due to the shortage of trees in ancient Egypt, or it could indicate that wood was cut "from the center of a long-lived tree". Alternatively, it may have been placed there on purpose to enable the Pharaoh to "emphasize continuity with the past by burying antiques with [him]".
It is certainly true that the cedar fragments were once part of a larger piece of wood that remains in the Great Pyramid. This larger piece of wood was captured on camera in 1993 when the inside of the pyramid was explored with a robotic camera. What the wood can say about the construction of the pyramid, science is getting closer and closer to the truth. We already know that the stones from which the Great Pyramid was built were quarried from a nearby quarry and transported across the desert on large sleds. To reduce friction and facilitate the passage of the blocks, the workers have slightly moistened the sand in front of the sled. The exact alignment of the Great Pyramid with true north led an engineer to conclude that the Egyptians used rope and stargazing to build their pyramids.
The Dixon Relics can help scientists answer the big question: How was the pyramid itself built? In the 1680s, Sir Isaac Newton spent a lot of time deriving the unit of measure for making pyramids. His unpublished notes on the subject were recently auctioned off at Sotheby's. Given that the Dixon relics have long been presented as building tools, it is possible that the pieces of wood were once part of a measuring stick or lever system. Of course, this does not prove Newton's theory that the measurements of the pyramids could help him predict the end of the world.
It is clear that regardless of what ancient aliens or misinformed Israeli politicians have said, the pyramids were not built by aliens or by the enslaved Israelites mentioned in Exodus. These theories merely reflect the fact that it is difficult to imagine how humans could possibly have built something like this when faced with what is arguably the greatest wonder in the world.
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