Saudi Arabia Building 100-Mile-Long “Linear” City
Saudia Arabia plans to invest between $ 100 billion and $ 200 billion in building a green oasis in the desert - a futuristic city with no cars, no roads, and no net CO2 emissions.
Announced earlier this month by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, "the Line" is a 106-mile belt of interconnected parishes stretching from the mountains of northwestern Saudi Arabia to the Red Sea.
But in contrast to today's environmentally harmful metropolises, this city of 1 million people is powered by “100% clean energy”, with the inhabitants being transported by “autonomous mobility solutions” and ultra-high-speed transit.
The line consists of three layers: a surface layer for pedestrians and two underground layers for traffic and infrastructure. The design, says Bin Salman, will preserve 95% of the area's natural environment.
A representation of the transportation options in the line, a new city planned by the master in Saudi Arabia.
"Why should we sacrifice nature for development?" he said. “Why should 7 million people die every year as a result of pollution? Why should we lose 1 million people to road accidents every year? "
Instead of a long development, the city is arranged as a cluster of aggregated urban areas along a central "spine". Schools, shops, and other necessities are all within a five-minute walk, developers say, and "no trip will be longer than 20 minutes."
Plans say artificial intelligence will improve the daily lives of residents and businesses alike, with 90% of the available data expected to be used to improve infrastructure capabilities. Developers predict the line will create 380,000 new jobs and boost Saudi Arabia's GDP by around $ 48 billion.
The line is located near large parts of the world's population.
Renderings have not been made available, although construction is scheduled to start in the first quarter of 2021.
The line is slated to be the first outpost of Neom, a $ 500 billion city-state spanning 10,000 square miles that is being developed in the Saudi Arabian province of Tabuk near the border with Jordan and Egypt. (Neom is a portmanteau of the Greek word neos or "new" and mustaqbal, Arabic for "future".)
Called a "living laboratory," Neom is part of an ambitious plan to turn Saudi Arabia off its oil dependency and turn the country into a technology hub similar to Silicon Valley. It will include cities, research, education and tourist attractions. According to the Wall Street Journal, confidential documents mention plans for drone flying taxis, a Jurassic Park-style amusement park with robotic dinosaurs, and the highest density of Michelin-starred restaurants that unlike the rest of the country have been proposed to allow alcohol be served.
According to the Wall Street Journal, even the rugged landscape of the region would change with cloud seeders, glowing sand, and a giant artificial moon that would light up every night.
A rendering of the line that shows its characteristic linear shape.
Dubbed the "largest carbon-free system" in the world, the 16-district city would rely heavily on solar power, wind farms, and emerging green technologies that convert water into oxygen and hydrogen.
"Neom is an accelerator of human progress and a vision of what a new future might look like," said a press release. "It will be a destination and home for people who dream big and want to be part of building a new model of exceptional quality of life, creating thriving businesses, and reinventing the environment."
Originally published on Architectural Digest
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