Teenagers with strict parents 'struggle in later life', study says
Parents who are arrogant or in control can harm children's future (Getty)
Adolescents with strict parents always felt sorry for themselves, but a study suggests that parents' control could actually harm their children.
University of Virginia researchers found that arrogant parenting was associated with children who had difficulties with relationships and education as adults.
At 32, those with strict, arrogant parents were less likely to be in a relationship and less educated, the researchers said.
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Dr. Emily Loeb of the University of Virginia said, “Parents, educators and clinicians should be aware of how parents' attempts to control adolescents can actually slow their progress.
"This type of parenting is likely to be more than a temporary setback for youth development, as it affects the key task of developing autonomy at a critical stage."
The damage caused by such parenting is "not easy to repair," the researchers said.
The study was published in the Child Development journal.
It focused on psychological control, where parents withdraw love and affection while angry with children, for example, or children feel guilty when they annoy them.
The study found that arrogant and over-controlled parents at age 13 were associated with less supportive romantic relationships for those who had a partner at age 27.
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Youngsters with arrogant parents were 32 less likely to be in a relationship and less educated.
The researchers believe this is due to adolescents who have problems between the ages of 15 and 16 when they are less mature and well received by their peers.
The researchers followed 184 young people between the ages of 13 and 32, half men and half women, with different socio-economic backgrounds.
They asked participants to fill out questionnaires about themselves and their parents.
In adulthood, volunteers were asked to fill out forms about their relationship status and level of education.
They also gathered information from each child's peers about how popular the teenager was at school, and watched videos of each teenager interacting with their closest friend and later in adulthood with their romantic partner.
Co-author Professor Joseph Allen said, "Although parents routinely try to lead their children to successful adjustment, over-control of parenting in adolescence can hinder development in a fundamental way that is not easy to repair."
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