UN calls for Turkish Cypriots to close beach in Varosha
UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The United States Security Council on Thursday called on Turkey and Turkey-controlled Northern Cyprus to shut down a beach in uninhabited Varosha that opened this week and to avoid unilateral action, "tensions on the island Island could cause ".
The Greek Cypriot residents of Varosha fled in 1974 when Turkish troops advanced when Turkey invaded Cyprus after a coup by Union supporters with Greece. Since then, the area had been placed under Turkish military control, cordoned off and left to the ravages of time.
The Security Council adopted a resolution in 1984 classing any attempts to colonize part of Varosha by persons other than its original inhabitants as "inadmissible". It called for "the transfer of this area to the administration of the United Nations". A 1992 resolution reiterated the 1984 resolution and called for Varosha to be placed under the control of the United States peacekeeping force in Cyprus - but that did not happen.
The most powerful body in the United States on Friday reaffirmed "the status of Varosha as set out in previous United States Security Council resolutions" and reiterated "that no action should be taken with regard to Varosha that does not comply with these resolutions to match".
“The Security Council expresses its deep concern about the announcement in Ankara on October 6th that the coast of Varosha will be opened and calls for this practice to be reversed and for unilateral measures to be avoided which could create tension on the island. Said the statement.
"The Security Council emphasizes the importance of fully respecting and implementing its resolutions," he said after closed consultations on Varosha.
The decision of Turkey and the renegade Turkish Cypriot state, recognized only by Ankara, to open the kilometer-long stretch of beach was sharply condemned by the island's Greek Cypriot-led, internationally recognized government. The Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades described the opening as an "obvious violation of international law" and as resolutions of the Security Council.
Greek Cypriots fear that the beach opening is just a first step by Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots to take over Varosha completely.
Both the United States Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and the European Union’s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell expressed concern over the measures that could increase tensions and undermine new attempts to resume talks between the Cyrus rivals.
The opening of the beach on Thursday came just before the Turkish Cypriots vote on Sunday to elect a leader to participate in United States-mediated talks to end the decades-long ethnic division in Cyprus.
The Security Council reiterated its support for Secretary General Antonio Guterres and its intention to convene a meeting agreed to by the Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot leaders in November 2019.
Numerous rounds of talks between the two sides in almost five decades have failed. The last attempt in 2017 collapsed into sharpness.
The Council reaffirmed its commitment to an agreement "in accordance with the wishes of the Cypriot people and on the basis of a bi-communal, bi-zonal federation with political equality", as set out in its resolutions.
She called on both sides and the guarantor powers - Greece, Turkey and Great Britain - to "conduct a constructive and urgent dialogue in the Turkish Cypriot community after the election process".
Guterres reiterated last month that he intended to convene an informal meeting of Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot leaders and the guarantor powers shortly after the Turkish Cypriot leadership vote on Sunday.
Last month, Guterres called for steps to be taken to build confidence in the preparation of the meeting - and he urged the parties to "avoid unilateral action that could undermine the future success of the talks".
As the Secretary General and the Security Council have made clear, the actions of Turkey and the Turkish Cypriots in Varosha this week disregarded this appeal.
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