Why Obesity Is So Dangerous With COVID-19
Since President Trump was diagnosed with COVID-19 and hospitalized, medical experts have emphasized that the president's obesity increases the risk of complications and poorer outcome. On Saturday, the same analysis was applied to former New Jersey Governor Chris Christie, who announced that he tested positive for COVID-19 after spending time with Trump earlier this week. Why is obesity such a risk for severe COVID? Read on and don't miss these safe signs you've already had with coronavirus to ensure your health and the health of others.
First the statistics
Doctor measuring obese man waist body fat.
In the journal Obesity, Research and Clinical Practice, the researchers analyzed studies involving 403,535 COVID-19 patients. They found that obesity, compared to a normal body mass index, doubled the risk of getting critically ill from COVID. The risk of death has almost quadrupled and the risk of needing breathing assistance (like supplemental oxygen) has increased by almost 700%.
Obesity is linked to heart disease and blood vessel damage
Heart activity on the monitor in the intensive care unit
Obese people are at higher risk of heart disease and other health problems that damage blood vessels, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. COVID-19 can attack blood vessels throughout the body and cause problems with multiple organs. If the blood vessels are already weakened or damaged, it can lead to poorer results. The blood of obese people has an increased tendency to clot. COVID-19 also causes clotting in some people, which can lead to heart attacks, strokes, or pulmonary embolisms.
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Being overweight affects the immune system
Obesity causes chronic inflammation throughout the body that suppresses the immune system. Combined with the body-wide inflammation that COVID-19 can cause not only in the lungs, but also in the brain, heart, kidneys, and blood vessels, being overweight increases the risk of complications including acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), this can lead to this for patients placed on ventilators and can be fatal.
Obesity is linked to diabetes
Overweight woman at a carnival
Obesity is linked to impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome - a condition in which blood sugar, blood lipids, and / or blood pressure are too high - and type 2 diabetes. According to the CDC, people with metabolic syndrome are ten times more likely to die from COVID-19.
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Excessive body fat affects breathing
Excess fat in the abdomen presses on the diaphragm, restricting airflow to the lungs and making breathing difficult, even if you don't have a respiratory infection. Add the pneumonia caused by COVID-19 to the mix and it can make it difficult for the lungs and other organs to get enough oxygen not just to fight the infection but to keep them working properly.
How to stay healthy
Family with father, mother and daughter staying home wearing face masks
Do whatever you can to prevent you from getting - and spreading - COVID-19: mask, get tested if you think you have coronavirus, avoid the crowds (and bars and house parties), just practice Social Distancing Run important errands, wash your hands regularly, sanitize frequently touched surfaces, and don't miss these 35 places that are most likely to catch COVID to help you weather this pandemic the healthiest.
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